Solid waste management in jordan, and particular MSW, has been improved for the last 15 years since the mid-1990s, with improvement of legal framework and institutional capacity to be the main drivers of sector’s development.With the adoption of government National Agenda (NA) for Sustainable Development which represents the government’s policy for ten years (2006-2015), solid waste management sector is now a priority and will be addressed on par with water and wastewater issues.
Currently, jordan generates about 2 million, 45,000, and 4,000 tons of MSW, hazardous industrial waste, and medical waste, respectively, per year. MSW collection coverage is estimated at about 90% and 70% for urban and rural areas, respectively, about 50% of MSW is food waste and 35% is packaging waste that would be potentially available for recovery. Most of MSW ends up at dumpsites and landfills, whereas only 7% are currently recovered informally in the kingdom.
There are existing plans to develop an integrated treatment centre for hazardous industrial and medical wastes, that are now partially controlled either in Swaqa hazardous waste treatment and storage centre or in various incinerators attached to health care facilities.Various governmental agencies are involved in waste management, either as policy makers, regulators, or operators, with most typical examples to be the Ministry of Environment, by the virtue of Environment Protection Law No. 52/2006 and its executive regulations, and municipalities are directly responsible for MSW service delivery.
Despite the lack of a well-defined policy and strategy, there have been considerable achievements in the sector, and in particular in greater Amman Municipality, in terms of city cleanliness, engineered landfilling, and service cost recovery, achieving one of the best rates in the MENA region. Still several improvements shall be targeted in terms of policy, strategy, institutional set-up, legal framework, and capacity building.